Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
Follicular unit extraction (FUE), also known as follicular isolation technique (FIT), is one of two primary methods of obtaining hair follicles. In this type of hair transplant surgery, individual hair follicles are extracted directly from back and side of the head that is known as donor area.
Overview of Follicular Unit Extraction
If the person has enough donor hair for the FUE procedure and they are thick enough, it is recommended due to many advantages like minimum scars even with short haircuts and also natural look. FUE is an ideal permanent solution in the beginning and also advanced hair loss treatment. FUE is an outpatient method that is considered to be safe. Moreover, FUE is the best option for a patient whose baldness is spottily caused by surgery scars, trauma, burns or alopecia caused by dermatological diseases. Also, this method is suitable for whom their donor area is beard or body.
Follicular Unit Extraction Recommended For:
- Adults with spotty baldness caused by different causes like dermatological diseases
- Adults that their donor area is beard or body
Before Follicular Unit Extraction
Patients should stop smoking 3-5 days before the procedure. Smoking affects the blood flow that delays the healing time. They shouldn’t drink alcohol three days before the treatment. Doctors should take a medical history. Since some medications such as aspirin, Plavix and dabigatran or warfarin and rivaroxaban and any anti-inflammatory medicine like ibuprofen or celecoxib should be held under the doctor’s supervision. Also, supplements such as gingko Biloba, omega 3, fish oil and vitamin B & E must be held due to the increased risk of bleeding during the surgery. Patients should wash their hair with regular shampoo in the morning before coming to the clinic.
During Follicular Unit Extraction
The surgery is performed under local anesthesia. In the beginning, the back and side of the scalp are shaved. Then, a surgeon takes each hair follicle from the back and side of the scalp (donor part) with a special micro punch. After making holes to the balding area, the surgeon grafts the hair follicles there.
After Follicular Unit Extraction
Perhaps the doctor will prescribe some pain killer pills or antibiotics to prevent infection. Patients should try to wash their hair mild and carefully because hair follicles are weak and sensitive. They should put head upper than the body in sleeping position. They have to avoid alcohol consumption for at least three days and smoking for up to 2 weeks after surgery. They shouldn’t exercise for at least 2-3 weeks. The recovery of the donor area is fast and minimal scar remains. Some patients can return to work in 2 to 5 days after the operation. The hairs usually fall out in the 2nd-3th week. After 1-3 months, new hairs grow which may be weak and thin at first, but if the patient waits for 5-6 months, the hairs will be stronger and about 2-3 inches. It is also desirable to mention that most people can see the final result after about one year.