Dental bridge is a kind of prosthetic device which can fill the gap between one or more teeth. It is made up of two crowns on both sides and one or more false teeth (pontics) between.
Overview of Dental Bridge
During the life, several problems affect person’s health which one of them is missing one or more teeth. So as lots of people’s self-confidence usually comes from their appearance, tooth loose may affect person’s smile and also self-confidence. One of the ways to fill the teeth gap is a dental bridge. In addition to modifying the appearance and beautify the smile, the bridges help the patient to chew food better and talk more clearly. Also while closing the mouth, they help the person to put the jaws on each other that will prevent teeth wrong movements and distribute a uniform pressure between both jaws.
Type of Dental Bridge
- Traditional Bridge: The most common type of bridge is traditional bridge and they are made of either porcelain fused to metal or ceramics.
- Cantilever Bridges: These bridges are the most similar to traditional bridges. The only different is in one crown. These bridges are made up of pontics and a crown on one side and another side lies on a natural tooth.
- Maryland Bridge: This type also consists of one or more pontic that have a metal or porcelain framework behind, which is bonded onto the back of two natural abutment teeth.
- Implant-Supported Bridge: When more than one tooth is missed, an implant-supported bridge is usually used.
- Patients looking to restore the appearance and function of their dentures.
- Good candidates are those who have strong healthy teeth on either side of the tooth gap.
Before Dental Bridge
The number of appointments depends on the type of bridge. Usually it needs two visits with two weeks interval.
During Dental Bridge
At the first visit, after initial examination, a part of enamel from abutment teeth are removed to make them ready for crown reception and then dentist will make a model of teeth by putting some impressions. This model is sent to the laboratory. Also the dentist chooses the nearest color to natural teeth for the bridge, from a catalog. Until the construction of a permanent bridge, the dentist will put a temporary bridge for the patient. It usually takes one to two weeks. During the second visit, dentist removes the temporary bridge and puts the permanent one. Perhaps more visits are needed to check the final results. In this step, the bridge is cemented temporary for some weeks and after ensuring the comfort and fit of the bridge, patient should go to the clinic again. If the dentist confirms the bridge, it will be cemented to its place.
After Dental Bridge
In the first day after procedure patient may feel sensitivity or discomfort that is normal and can be relieved with pain killer pills that the dentist will prescribe for them. Sensitivity to heat and cold or pressure is normal during the first few days after the surgery. Generally after this procedure, patients need to pay more attention to their oral hygiene. Also daily flossing and rinsing with an antibacterial mouthwash is recommended.