Orthodontia, also called orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics, is a speciality of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws.
Overview of Orthodontics
In many people, teeth do not grow at the correct angle and space, they may appear very close to each other or on one another, and thus they will be uneven and irregular. Sometimes beautiful smile with regular teeth is a dream for many. Each time they look at the mirror or smile, they think that they would have smooth teeth. Orthodontic treatment is the branch of dentistry which moves the teeth to improve their appearance and function, also helps to maintain long-term health of the teeth, gums, and jaw joints by bringing in a small amount of pressure to the entire teeth. Orthodontic treatment is done by an orthodontist who has studied up to four years after being dentist and is completely expert in this kind of treatment. If someone’s teeth are asymmetric or they feel something wrong in their bite and they don’t meet correctly or there are empty spaces between teeth they need to see an orthodontist.
Type of Orthodontics:
- Traditional Braces: They are made from a high-grade stainless steel and have metal brackets that are attached to each tooth using a type of cement.
- Ceramic Braces: These work in the same way as traditional braces, but the brackets are made from a clear, transparent ceramic material.
- Damon Braces: Damon braces are self-ligating and use a slide mechanism instead of elastics to connect the archwires.
- Clear and Removable Aligners: They are removable for eating and cleaning, and patient change them out for a newly made aligner every two weeks. Each new aligner takes the adjustment of the teeth one step further.
- Forsus Appliances: The Forsus appliance is a spring worn inside the cheeks that attaches to the braces in order to adjust the upper or lower jaw into position.
- Palatal Expanders: This is a device that fits the palate and applies pressure to the back of the upper molars to gradually move the teeth farther apart.
Orthodontics Recommended For:
- Patients with teeth that do not meet properly due to flaws in shape or length
- Patients with gaps between teeth
- Patients with teeth that are crooked or misaligned
- Patients with any anatomical problems because of teeth misshapes
The orthodontist will take x-rays to understand the exact status of the teeth and make a plan for the treatment. Orthodontist may need to extract some teeth for making room for others to be in their own place and also teeth may require to be cleaned.
Based on the position of the teeth, orthodontist offers the best method and the procedure is done. If patients need molds, the orthodontist will make molds for them or if braces have chosen for the patient, the brackets are attached to the teeth and then wires connect them. The time required to sort the teeth varies completely. Depending on the individual’s condition, they may need to wear braces for 18-24 months, and this time can be longer up to 3 years. At the end of the process, braces are removed and for maintaining teeth treatment, an appliance is made which is usually removable.
Patients may feel the pain which can be relieved with taking pain killers. The amount of success highly depends on them. Special attention to the teeth health and cleaning is required during the treatment. Brushing at least twice a day and also cleaning the brackets and between teeth with a special floss, is necessary. Rinsing with a mouthwash is recommended too.