Root canal treatment is a treatment used to repair and save a tooth that is badly decayed or becomes infected.
Overview of Root canal
Teeth have one or two or three roots due to their type. Each tooth has a root canal and a pulp which contains living connective tissue, blood vessels and nerves. When this pulp becomes inflamed or infected, the root canal therapy is the solution to preserve this tooth. If tooth decay is not treated immediately, it engages and destroys enamel and dentin, and then involves pulp, too. In this stage, inflammation, swollen and often pain appear. In addition to dental decays, other factors such as a history of sudden trauma, extensive dental fillings, dental fractures, extreme tooth abrasion and advanced gum diseases are involved in the development of pulp disease. It is recommended to do root canal treatment, especially in complex cases, on supervision of an endodontic.
Type of Root canal
- Before the root canal treatment, patients should tell their dentist about their medical history, some medicines and supplements should be avoided some days before the procedure under the supervision of the dentist. Patients can eat their meals as usual.
Root canal Recommended For:
- Patients looking to restore the appearance and function of their teeth.
Before Root canal
Before the root canal treatment, patients should tell their dentist about their medical history, some medicines and supplements should be avoided some days before the procedure under the supervision of the dentist. Patients can eat their meals as usual.
During Root canal
Initially, X-rays of the mouth and the infected tooth will be taken. Then local anesthesia is administered, and after the numbness, the dentist starts drilling from the crown to make access to the pulp. The dentist removes infected pulp totally and cleans dental canal with disinfectants then he or she will expand the canal to make it easier to fill. This step may take several hours so the dentist may decide to continue it at the next meeting. Especially for premolars and back molar teeth which have two or three roots. In these cases, a temporary filling is used to prevent contamination and infection. In the second visit, the temporary filling is removed, the unfinished procedure ends, and the canal and pulp are filled with special fillings called gutta-percha and then it is sealed completely. It is often necessary to put a filling or crown to protect the tooth from subsequent damage.
After Root canal
When the patient still has the temporary filling, flossing is avoided, but they can floss the treated tooth as a part of oral hygiene. After the loss of numbness, they can eat, but it is recommended to eat with the opposite side and generally avoid hard and sticky foods or hot beverages until the tooth is completely healed. Feeling the pain and also sensitivity or tenderness is normal in the first days after the procedure.