A dental restoration or dental filling is a treatment to restore the function, integrity, and morphology of missing tooth structure resulting from caries or external trauma as well as to the replacement of such structure supported by dental implants.
Overview of Dental Filling
If a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay, but the pulp or nerve does not involve yet, the dentist will try to fix it with a filling. Their early treatment prevents the development of decay. These caries are often identified during periodic examinations. The procedure is usually done in one visit, but if the irritation is observed, the dentist will put a temporary filling and waits until it heals.
Type of Dental Filling
- Amalgam: amalgam fillings for teeth are a classic option. Amalgam fillings are made of a combination of mercury with several metallic elements, due to amalgam’s strength, it is the best choice for molars which are responsible for chewing.
- Composite fillings: they are bonding to the tooth structure chemically, and their colour is close to natural teeth, which makes them suitable for the front teeth.
- Gold: It’s one of the most durable and long-lasting options, with the ADA noting that it can remain effective for more than two decades.
- Porcelain: Porcelain fillings are similar to gold. They are a form of indirect filling, usually require more than one visit to the dentist
- Resin or Glass Ionomer: Resin or glass ionomer fillings are often used on the primary teeth or to fill in small areas of decay, as they tend to be very delicate and take considerable wear and tear.
Dental Filling Recommended For:
- Patients with decays in their teeth
- Patients with broken tooth
Before Dental Filling
The dentist can easily specify caries using a small catheter and a mirror. Further information about the teeth and surrounding bones can be obtained by radiography. The dentist needs to know the patient’s medical history and chronic Diseases and pregnancy. Patients should not smoke from the night before the operation.
During Dental Filling
The dentist removes decay by drilling or using an air abrasion device or laser, depending on dentist preference and based on tooth situation and his or her abilities and facilities, after the local anesthesia. After all, decay and infection removed and cleaned, the selected filling is placed. If inflammation or irritation is seen during operation, the patient has to wait for another visit till it heals. In the cases that the decay is near the nerve, dentist protects the nerve by putting a special material there and then he or she places the filling and polishes the tooth.
After Dental Filling
If pain killers and antibiotics are prescribed, they must be taken. Feeling pain is normal in the first days. At first 24 hours after procedure rest and avoid smoking, hot foods and beverages and also intense rinsing. The tooth may get sensitive to cold, pressure, air and sweet foods. It is normal and usually lasts for a few weeks.