Hip replacement surgery, also known as hip arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure which the painful and damaged hip joint removed and replaced with an artificial hip joint (metal or plastic components).
Overview of Hip Replacement
Hip replacement (also called hip arthroplasty) is a surgical option for patients with arthritis of the hip. This operation can relieve pain and maintain motion in the arthritic hip joint.Arthritis can affect joints, over time; the smooth cartilage on the surface of the bones wears away. This can result in pain, inflammation, and swelling of the joints. Hip replacement surgery is a procedure to replace this damaged joint to eliminate this pain and swelling for a long time. Arthritis does not have any kind of full treatment; all kinds of medications and procedures are just temporary and can just slow it down. But surgery can be the last (and maybe permanent) solution for this painful problem.es
Hip Replacement Recommended For:
- Patients with osteoarthritis who are older than 50
- Patients who have Destroyed ankle joint surfaces and degenerated joints
- Patients who are not significantly overweight
- Patients who are with chronic hip pain.
- Patients who are with chronic hip mobility issues.
Before Hip Replacement
The surgeon takes a complete medical history and examines the hip. He may ask blood tests, an X-ray and possibly an MRI. Aspirin, Ibuprofen and herbal supplements should be avoided few days before and after the surgery. Smoking should be stopped a few weeks prior to the procedure since cigarettes slow down the healing process.
During Hip Replacement
Patients usually undergo general anesthesia. The surgeon cleans the surgical area and makes an incision in the hip area. The damage part of the hip joint is removed and replaced with the prosthesis. An artificial joint is attached to the thigh bone using cement or a special material that allows the remaining bone to attach to the new joint. The bone grows onto this surface to attach to the prosthesis. The surgeon closes the incision with stitches.
After Hip Replacement
Patients may need to stay at hospital for 4 to 6 days. They will need several physiotherapy sessions to speed the recovery. A drainage tube is placed in the bladder to help to go to the bathroom. The surgeon may prescribe painkillers and antibiotics. Medicines or physical therapy may be prescribed by the surgeon to prevent blood clots. Patients usually require walking aids for the first four to six weeks after surgery. Most patients can resume their normal activities after around three months.